Monday, May 25, 2020

Should The Leisure Centre Accessible For Children With...

When investigating an issue in the sporting industry, I came up with some ideas on what my topic could be. This included the main topics of ‘People with a disability’ and the sport of Swimming. I then defined the topic and decided to look into whether the leisure centre located in New South Wales is suitable for people with disabilities and how it is able to benefit them. By conducting this investigation I will be able to look into the benefits of using the main pool, children’s pool, spa and the sauna and steam room. I will also be able to look at how the facility helps children with disabilities interact and bond with others, and I will also look into some of the negatives of the leisure centre located in Sydney. The Aquatic Centre, found in Sydney has a wide range of facilities which offer hours of enjoyment for each member of the family. The leisure pools in the Aquatic centre are great ways to keep children with disabilities entertained. Water slides, river rapid ride, water volcanoes, spray jets, bubble beach and a toddler’s pool are all things included in the leisure pools. By having all this equipment, the leisure pools are able to cater for people with all sorts of disabilities ranging from intellectual to physical. The pools are also able to over more than just fun and enjoyment, they can assist children with their water safety, as the sooner they are in the water, the more comfortable they will feel and the more confident the family members will be when a childShow MoreRelatedPlay Worker Level 35061 Words   |  21 Pagessit; toddlers have to walk before they can run. It is also the case in other areas such as communication as, for example, a baby recognise words before produ cing them. While these sequences of development are typical in all children, what can change between individual children is the speed or rate at which they develop. This means some babies will sit unsupported at 7 months, while others may take a couple of months longer. It is also interesting. When looking at an individual child’s developmentRead MoreHk Disney16299 Words   |  66 Pagesproduct usage, purchase data, attitude data and attribute ratings. Due to time and budget constraints, a convenience sampling (non-probability) method was used for to gather the primary research. Only 30 respondents, near the proximity and who were accessible to the researchers were asked to answer the UAI survey. Given this, the respondents only came from the Philippines thus consumers from Hong Kong, Mainland China and other South East Asian countries were not surveyed by the researchers. Read MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pagesappropriate page within text. Copyright  © 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use materialRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pages 2002, 1998 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Socioautobiography - 1571 Words

ï ¿ ½PAGE ï ¿ ½ A Slice of My Life Chamberlain College of Nursing SOCS 185 ï ¿ ½ A slice of My Life The older I grow the more everything begins to come together in relation to the type of person I am today, and how the choices my family and I have made have shaped and become the definition of this thing I call life. I have a pretty good idea about who I am as a person, but after all the discussions we hold in class, I was starting to become curious about the kind of person I am in the eyes of our society. C. Wright Mills philosophy will light the way for me in finding out how each of my social influences have effected me in either a positive or a negative way. In this assignment I will attempt to investigate the interconnections between my†¦show more content†¦What is a Cheerleader? A cheerleader is a confident, positive, and a helpful individual when it comes to community service. Being a cheerleader has taught me leadership qualities and that has not only helped me in the sport but also in school, work, and my self-esteem. They typical STEREOTYPE of a cheerleader is that they are mean, unfriendly, and stupid. When it came to my senior year I was given the name if Captain of the cheer team. I have set a level of BUREAUCRACY within the team and set rules and goals for the team to achieve and follow. At this time in my life I was help to a higher STATUS and given more responsibility. These girls started out as a SECONDARY GROUP when we first started out on the team together, but after years of being with one another everyday three hours a day- we quickly became like family. This transition from SECONDARY GROUP to a PRIMARY GROUP was the best thing to happen to me, I had a team of sisters. Our COALITION had a common goal, which was to bring excitement to our fans at footballs games, and bring championships home to our school at competitions. (TCO 4, 6, 8) During high school mostly everyone is in his or her ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION process, we are taking this time to learn out foundations in order to be prepared for our future roles as college students. (TCO 4) Some of us will pursue engineering jobs, lawyers, doctors,Show MoreRelatedSociological Concepts Essay728 Words   |  3 PagesSOCS 185 Week 5 Socioautobiography Assignment Information and Rubric Below are guidelines to follow as you work on your socioautobiography assignment: * Papers should be in APA format, with a title page. * Papers should contain 3-4 pages of text, double-spaced (this does not include the title page). * Refer to at least six sociological concepts covered in the lectures or textbook reading. Highlight these concepts in boldface. * Connect your concepts to the TCOs. Indicate the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

`` Jihad Vs. Mcworld `` - 1504 Words

â€Å" More than a hundred years ago, Marx had observed that the breaking of feudal bonds by modern capitalism had decisively fragmented traditional community† (162). Benjamin R. Barber, Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University and director of the Walt Whitman Center for the Culture and Politics of Democracy, has written several books with his disputations on this area. Barber published â€Å"Jihad vs. McWorld† in 1996 arguing that westernized capitalistic democratic countries, more specifically the United States, are culprits of citizen-less democracies, and annihilation of traditional cultural values through the use of Americanization. Through worldwide concepts, Barber successfully explains that true democracy, and nation states are being torn apart though the forces of McWorld and Jihad. McWorld is characterized by the capitalist consumerism that destroys spirits through international corporations, and Jihad; the ethnic fragmented traditional locals tha t are trying to preserve their society from the expanding commercial global economy. Barber claims that McWorld is breaking international boundaries through globalizing markets, while Jihad is being forced to separate themselves and create internal borders within nations. He extensively explains how McWorld’s culture, described as no culture at all, is brainwashing people of all nations from their traditionally different societies. Part I: The New World of McWorld The world of McWorld that Barber fears is aShow MoreRelated`` Jihad Vs. Mcworld, Political Scientist Benjamin Barber1090 Words   |  5 PagesIn his article, Jihad vs. McWorld, political scientist Benjamin Barber thoroughly examines a paradox that has been transforming our planet. This world is being torn apart by differing political views, social views, and racial inequality. These problems are pinning societies and cultures against each other. Barber refers to this growing split between cultures and the tensions that have risen as Jihad. At the same time, the world is being unified by economic and ecological forces that mesmerizeRead MoreThe Globalization of Animated Features and the Merging of Cultures1030 Words   |  5 Pagesits path, the world is becoming both homogenized and heterogenized. In March 1992, Benjamin Barber’s article Jihad vs. McWorld indicated his concerns on the very existence of democracy and the nation-states that are endangered. This is the result from what he describes as the two core forces of the current time: McWorld as globalism and Jihad as retribalization. In the other words, McWorld is an economic integration which is making countries get closer together to make one similar global networkRead MoreThe widespread image of American culture is seen to hold a strong base for globalisation. The1000 Words   |  4 Pageshave shaped a generation. This perspective is mainly aimed at the commercialisation of the planet. A supporter of this view, is the book, â€Å"Jihad vs. McWorld: How Globalism and Tribalism Are Reshaping the World,† by author Benjamin Barber. Barber theorised the relationship of globalisation and culture, identified through the two majors McDonalds and Jihad. The title does go against the usual view of opposing the new ways of thinking and liberalism against the custom ways of regulation and monarchyRead MoreThe Inheritance Of Loss : East Vs. West1819 Words   |  8 PagesKiani-Maile Casillas World Civilization August 6, 2014 The Inheritance of Loss; East vs. West We have always known the world as four separate geographic regions, the North, South, East and West. The West has been significant in the ideas of America and Western Europe. All characterized by common clothes, language, culture, race, ethnicity and economics. But as time passes, the idea of â€Å"the West† begins to dissolve amongst other cultures and regions of the non-western world. Blending of cultures beginsRead MoreGlobalization and the Nation State Essay1633 Words   |  7 Pagesworried that the two emerging forces, McWorld and Jihad are threatening democratic values in the world. The reference made here to Jihad is based on a definition given by Benjamin Barber, he describes the struggle between the two forces. Jihad being a retribalization of large swaths of humankind by war and bloodshed: a threatened Lebanonization of national states in which culture is pitted against culture, people against people, tribe against tribe. McWorld struggles to unify and homogenize cu lturesRead MoreDevelopment And Proliferation Of The European Union2681 Words   |  11 Pagescommunication methods, thus enabling humanity to situate itself on the threshold of a unified grand society. Albeit internationalization can be rendered both in dichotomous terms, as well as by means of binary oppositions (traditional values vs. modern ones and globality vs. locality), it all amounts to a combination of opposing factors. Although national borders represent a form of stability, identity and protection for a country, they also have the capability to limit the cultural and economic evolutionRead MoreFinal Study Guide for Livanis Intl 1101 Essay3736 Words   |  15 Pages - Loss of biodiversity Jihad and McWorld - Dialectical nature: one cannot exist without the other - Babel: retribalization - Global jihad against globalization - Disneyland - Globalizations - Jihad and McWorld make war on the sovereign nation state - Indifference to civil liberty - McWorld, focus on consumption and â€Å"invisible hand† for common good (rather than democratic institutions), repeal government regulations - Jihad, bloody politics of identityRead MorePsci 140 Essay1016 Words   |  5 PagesInformation technology, exchanges of ideas†¦ Advantages? Global multiculturalism (nationalïÆ'   global) New values and identity International cosmopolitanism (â€Å"global village†) Disadvantages? Nationalism, fundamentalism†¦ Cultural homogenization†¦(jihad vs. â€Å"McWorld†) * Institutional, ideational, and individual explanations for political violence 2. You are supposed to be familiar with the main arguments of the following articles. Remember the main points of these readings. * DiamondRead MoreThe Impact of the Internet on Globalization Essay1276 Words   |  6 Pagesproducts and convenient shipping. Taking these factors into consideration, the Internet had a very large impact on globalization and will continue to shape the growing â€Å"global village† for years to come. Works Cited: Barber, Benjamin. Jihad Vs. McWorld: How Globalism and Tribalism are Reshaping The World. New York: Random House, 1995 Globalization and the Internetworked World. June 14, 2004 http://cct.georgetown.edu/curriculum/505-99/globalizationRead MoreA Critical Book Report on Lawrence Wrights the Looming Tower.3012 Words   |  13 Pageslie at the root of most conflict in the post-cold war world. Therefore, the West is despised by the Islamic world, not because of ideological, political or economic factors, but for cultural reasons. Wright also draws heavily from Barbers ‘Jihad vs. Mcworld theory, which argues that the widespread Western belief in the universality of its own values and political system, combined with the unstoppable force of globalization, antagonizes the Islamic civilization and spawns tribal forces of resistance

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The Bermuda Triangle free essay sample

A discussion surrounding the mystery of the feared Bermuda Triangle. This paper presents a geographical explanation of the Bermuda Triangle. It then examines the history of this mystery and mentions several disasters or unexplained events that have happened in the skies and waters of this area. The paper also discusses the literature available on these mysteries and the form of documentation. The Bermuda Triangle is a region in the Caribbean believed to contain some mystery which causes ships and planes to disappear at a higher rate than in other regions of the globe. The idea of a Bermuda Triangle is of relatively recent origin, though researchers have identified many disappearances from the area dating back centuries. The greatest part of the mystery is the question of whether there is a mystery at all, for many scientists state that the rate of disappearances in the region is no any higher than in other similar areas and that there is no reason for the speculation about everything from satanic influences to extraterrestrials in the area. The Bermuda Triangle is located off the Southeastern coast of the United States in the Atlantic Ocean, with its apexes in the vicinities of Bermuda, Miami, Florida, and San Juan, Puerto Rico. It covers roughly 500,000 square miles. The area may have been named after its Bermuda apex since Bermuda was once known as the Isle of Devils. Treacherous reefs that have ensnared ships sailing too close to its shores surround Bermuda, and there are hundreds of shipwrecks in the waters that surround it. Over the past 100 years, the Bermuda Triangle has seen what some say is a significant and inordinately high number of unexplained disappearances of planes, ships and people. Some reports say that as many as 100 ships and planes have been reported missing in the area and more than 1,000 lives have been lost. The U. S. Coast Guard, however, maintains that the area does not have an unusual number of incidents. The mystery of the Triangle probably took hold with the first well-publicized disappearance in 1945, when five U. S Navy Avengers disappeared in the area. The cause of the disappearance was originally pilot error, but family members of the pilot leading the mission couldnt accept that he had made such a mistake. Eventually they convinced the Navy to change it to causes or reasons unknown. Many reports regarding the Bermuda Triangle include long lists of missing ships and planes. But many of those were nowhere near the Triangle when they disappeared or they turned up later with rational explanations for their disappearances. For example, the Mary Celeste, found floating in 1872 with not a person on board and everything exactly as they had left it, is on nearly every list of losses blamed on the Bermuda Triangle. But in reality, it was many hundreds of miles from the Triangle at the time. Here is a sampling of the some of the most notable incidents. As youll see, some of these have reasonable explanations although theyre still attributed to the strange and unknown powers of the Bermuda Triangle. The U. S. S. Cyclops, 1918 During World War I, the U. S. S. Cyclops served along the eastern coast of the United States until January 9, 1918. At that time, she was assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service. The Cyclops was scheduled to sail to Brazil to refuel British ships in the south Atlantic. She set out from Rio de Janeiro on February 16, and, after a brief stop in Barbados from March 3 to 4, was never seen or heard from again. All 306 passengers and crew were gone without a trace. A U. S. Navy Grumman TBF Avenger Image courtesy  U. S. Naval Historical Center U. S. Navy Avengers Flight 19, 1945 The most famous Bermuda Triangle story is the mystery surrounding five missing Navy Avengers in 1945. The story of Flight 19 is usually summarized this way: a routine patrol set out on a sunny day with five highly experienced student pilots. Suddenly, the tower began receiving transmissions from the flight leader that they were lost, compasses were not working, and everything looked wrong. They were never seen again, and extensive Navy investigations turned up no clues to explain the disappearance. Lieutenant Charles C. Taylor led the mission, which included several planned course changes. They departed at 1:15 p. m. on December 5, 1945. At 3:00 p. m. , Lieutenant Robert F. Cox was flying over Fort Lauderdale, Florida when he heard a signal that he thought was from a boat or plane in distress. He called Operations at the Naval Air Station to report what he had heard. Cox told Taylor to fly with the sun at his left wing and up the coast until he hit Miami. Taylor then said that they were over a small island with no other land in sight. If he was over the Keys as he had said, however, he should have seen several islands as well as the Florida peninsula. With less than two hours flying time until they ran out of fuel, Taylor described a large island to Operations. Assuming this was Andros Island, the largest in the Bahamas, Operations sent Taylor a heading that would take him to Fort Lauderdale. Apparently this heading was correct, because once Flight 19 assumed the new course, Taylors voice began coming in stronger over the radio. Taylor, however, didnt believe this course was right and after a few minutes said that they didnt go far enough east. Turn around again and go east. We should have a better chance of being picked up closer to shore. With this move, transmissions began to weaken as they flew out of radio range in the wrong direction. For unknown reasons, Taylor ignored the standard flying procedure of flying west if over water and east if over land. Two PBM-5 Mariner seaplanes went out to search the area, but one exploded soon after takeoff. The other never located Flight 19. Aliens and Atlantis As an area with one of the h ighest incidences of UFO sightings, its no wonder that alien abductions have been a popular explanation for disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle. But abductions arent the only theory; some also have theorized that the Bermuda Triangle area is a portal to other planets. But why this area? Many believe that the Bermuda Triangle area is home to the lost city of Atlantis and remnants of its advanced technologies. Famous psychic Edgar Cayce said that Atlantis had many modern-day technologies, including a death ray weapon, which he claims ultimately destroyed the city. Some even say that the people who lived there were an alien race from the Pleiades star cluster. Cayce had predicted that researchers would discover the western edge of Atlantis near the coast of Bimini, in the Bahamas, and they did find a road of stones there in 1968. The initial researchers and archeologists who studied the site, known as the Bimini Road, immediately regarded it as naturally occurring. Recent investigations, however, have found evidence that appears to support the idea that the stones were shaped and placed there as a wall. The additional finding of a possible underwater city near Cuba adds fuel to the fire for those supporting the Atlantis idea. According to legend and speculation, the city of Atlantis relied on the power of special energy crystals that were extremely powerful. Cayce supported this idea, and the discovery of a great underwater pyramid and crystal by Dr. Ray Brown in 1970 reinforced it. Brown was scuba diving in the Bahamas when he claims to have found a large pyramid made of mirror-like stone. He entered the pyramid and saw a brassy metallic rod with a multi-faceted red gem hanging from the apex of the room. Directly below this rod was a stand with bronze hands holding a crystal sphere four inches in diameter. Brown removed the crystal and kept it secret until 1975, when he exhibited it at a psychic seminar in Phoenix, Arizona. He reported that when gazing into the crystal form, you can see three pyramidal images, one in front of the other with each decreasing in size. Some people have seen a fourth pyramid in front of the other three after entering into deep meditative states. Brown believes that the fractured lines seen when looking at the crystal sphere from the side may be electrical in nature, similar to a form of microscopic circuitry. The speculation is that these energy crystals are in an altered state of some kind and send out rays of energy that either confuse navigational instruments or disintegrate vehicles all together. Compass Malfunctions In almost every account of the mystery surrounding the Bermuda Triangle, youll see reference to the fact that it is one of only two places on Earth (the other being the Devils Sea off the coast of Japan) where a compass points to true north rather than magnetic north. Theorists say that this causes compasses to malfunction and ships and planes to get off-course. A  compass  works because its magnetic needle is attracted by the magnetism of the Earth, which draws it to point to the constantly shifting Magnetic North Pole. The Geographic North Pole, on the other hand, is static and is located about 1200 miles north of the Magnetic Pole. The variation between the two readings is known as  magnetic declination  (or compass variation), which can change by as much as 20 degrees as you move across the globe. The  agonic line  is an imaginary line where true north and magnetic north are in perfect alignment there is no magnetic declination. At points west of the agonic line, a magnetic needle will point east of true north (positive declination). At points east of the agonic line, a magnetic needle will point west of true north (negative declination). Extended lines that mark the constant magnetic declination away from the agonic line are called  isogonic lines. In the early 18th century, Edmund Halley noticed that the agonic line was slowly moving westward. Since then, scientists have noted a westward drift of the agonic line with an average velocity of about 0. 2 degrees per year. The drift is not equal in all places, however. It is stronger in the Atlantic Hemisphere than in the Pacific Hemisphere. Navigators must always compensate for magnetic declination when charting their courses. While the agonic line once passed through the Bermuda Triangle, it now falls within the Gulf of Mexico, rendering claims that it can contribute to disappearances in the Triangle inaccurate. Calculation errors anywhere could cause a plane or ship to go off-course. This theory also assumes that experienced pilots and captains passing through the area were unaware of magnetic declination, which is unlikely. Blue Holes Blue holes are water-filled caves and cavities with blue coloration. These caves may be simply a hole in the ground in the interior of islands (inland blue holes) or holes in shallow waters on the banks (marine or ocean blue holes). British scuba diver Rob Palmer directed a blue holes research center in the Bahamas for a number of years. In July 1997, he failed to surface after a dive in the Red Sea and was presumed dead. Some think that the blue holes may be related to (or even formed by) micro-wormholes believed to exist in the area and might even be transit points for UFOs arriving here from other dimensions. Plausible Theories Most rational explanations for the incidents in the Bermuda Triangle, including the explanations given by the U. S. Navy and Coast Guard, include human error and environmental effects. The area is one of the most highly trafficked for amateur pilots and sailors, so more traffic leads to more accidents and disappearances. Weather Patterns and Topography The area is subject to violent and unexpected storms and weather changes. These short but intense storms can build up quickly, dissipate quickly, and go undetected by satellite surveillance. Waterspouts  that could easily destroy a passing plane or ship are also not uncommon. A waterspout is simply a  tornado  at sea that pulls water from the ocean surface thousands of feet into the sky. Other possible environmental effects include underwater  earthquakes, as scientists have found a great deal of seismic activity in the area. Scientists have also spotted freak waves up to 100 feet high. The underwater topography of the area may also be a factor. It goes from a gently sloping continental shelf to an extremely deep drop-off. In fact, some of the deepest trenches in the world are found in the area of the Bermuda Triangle. Ships or planes that sink into these deep trenches will probably never be found. The Gulf Stream, where the Triangle is located, is extremely swift and turbulent. It can pose extreme navigational challenges, especially for inexperienced sailors. The Gulf Stream has been reported to move faster than 5 mph in some areas more than fast enough to throw sailors hundreds of miles off course if they dont compensate correctly for the current. It can also quickly erase any evidence of a disaster. Methane Gas Hydrates This theory appears to hold promise for at least some of the disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle. Scientists at Cardiff University have discovered the presence of large concentrations of methane gas trapped in the ocean floor. This gas is due to dying and decomposing sea organisms. The sediment contains bacteria that produce methane, which accumulates as super concentrated methane ice, calledgas hydrates. The layer of ice traps the methane gas, and scientists are studying it as a potential energy source. Within seconds of a methane gas pocket rupturing, the gas surges up and erupts on the surface without warning. If a ship is in the area of the blowout, the water beneath it would suddenly become much less dense. The vessel could sink and sediment could quickly cover it as it settles onto the sea floor. Even planes flying overhead could catch  fire  during such a blowout. Although he doesnt agree with the methane hydrate theory as an explanation for the Bermuda Triangle, Bill Dillon, a research geologist with the United States Geological Survey said that, On several occasions, oil drilling rigs have sunk as the result of [methane] gas escape. Pirates While historical pirates like Blackbeard or the fictional Captain Jack Sparrow of Pirates of the Caribbean may not be likely candidates for disappearances, modern pirates might be. In the 1970s and 80s, drug runners often pirated boats to smuggle drugs. This theory could also bear some truth during wartime. Check outHow Pirates Work  for more information about piracy and real-life pirates. Although these theories (among others) probably account for disappearances in the area known as the Bermuda Triangle, many people still prefer to believe that aliens, electronic fog or another supernatural phenomenon must be the cause. As long as those theories exist, the Bermuda Triangle will remain a source of fascination and mystery.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Christopher Pennington Essays (270 words) - Tort Law,

Christopher Pennington Legal 225 (MWF 11:00- 11:50) 2/1/17 Chatper 1 Case Question 1; P. 18 You be the Judge Chapter 1 Case Question 1 If a civil case was brought to the court regarding Bob burglarizing Vince's house, the state may prosecute Bob solely of the crime. Vince can also file a civil lawsuit in regards to suing Bob for negligence and for destroying his possessions, seeking money. In this instance criminal and civil law are joined together. If a criminal case was brought to the court regarding Bob burglarizing Vince's house, it would be prosecuted by the government who pays a district attorney to bring it to the courts. A criminal case is solely in the governments hands and not Vince's. In a criminal case if the jury was to believe that Bob was guilty of burglarizing Vince's house, he would be subject to a punishment of a prison sentence, fine, or both. If fined the money goes to the state, not the opposing party. P. 18 You be the Judge I believe that the Plaintiff Soldano is not justifiable in regards to filing a civil suit against the defendant, the owner at the Circle Inn. I say this because the fight did not break out on the Circle Inn's property, the property also happens to be private. This leaves the plaintiff out of favor because the fight was not held there and the bartender from the Circle Inn was working in his private area, which gave him no accessible liability to anything happening across the street. I would personally rule in favor for the plaintiff against the defendant's argument.

Monday, March 9, 2020

How to Make APA In-Text Citations and Examples

How to Make APA Ins APA style is the format that is typically required of students who are  writing essays and reports  for courses in psychology and the social sciences. This style  is similar to MLA, but there are small but important differences. For example,  the APA format calls for fewer abbreviations in the citations, but  it places more emphasis on publication  dates in the notations.   The author and date are stated any time you use information from an outside source. You place these in parentheses  immediately after the cited material, unless you have mentioned the authors name in your text. If the author is stated in the flow of your essay text,  the date is parenthetically stated immediately after the cited material. For example: During the outbreak, the doctors thought the psychological symptoms were unrelated (Juarez, 1993). If the author is named in the text, only put the date in parenthesis. For example: Juarez (1993) has analyzed many reports written by psychologists directly involved in the studies. When citing a work with two authors, you should cite the last names of both authors. Use an ampersand () to separate the names in the citation, but use the word and in the text. For example: The small tribes along the Amazon that have survived over the centuries have evolved in parallel ways (Hanes Roberts, 1978). or Hanes and Roberts (1978) claim that the ways in which the small Amazonian tribes have evolved over the centuries are similar to each other. Sometimes you will have to cite a work with three to five authors, if so, cite them all in the first reference. Then, in following citations, state only the first authors name followed by et al. For example: Living on the road for weeks at a time has been linked to many negative emotional, psychological, and physical health issues (Hans, Ludwig, Martin, Varner, 1999). and then: According to Hans et al. (1999), lack of stability is a major factor. If you use a text that has six or more authors, cite the last name of the first author followed by et al. and the year of publication. The complete list of authors should be included in the works cited list at the end of the paper. For example: As Carnes et al. (2002) have noted, the immediate bond between a newborn baby and its mother has been extensively studied by many disciplines. If you are citing a corporate author, you should state the full name in each in-text reference followed by the publication date. If the name is long and the abbreviated version is recognizable, it may be abbreviated in subsequent references. For example: New statistics show that owning pets improves emotional health (United Pet Lovers Association [UPLA], 2007). The type of pet seems to make little difference (UPLA, 2007). If you need to cite more than one work by the same author published in the same year, differentiate between them in the parenthetical citations by putting them in alphabetical order in the reference list and assigning each work with a lower case letter. For example: Kevin Walkers Ants and the Plants They Love would be Walker, 1978a, while his Beetle Bonanza would be Walker, 1978b. If you have material written by authors with the same last name, use the first initial of each author in every citation to distinguish them. For example: K. Smith (1932) wrote the first study done in his state. Material obtained from sources such as letters, personal interviews, phone calls, etc. should be stated in the text using the persons name, the identification personal communication and the date said communication was obtained or took place. For example: Criag Jackson, Director of Passion Fashion, stated that the color changing dresses are the wave of the future (personal communication, April 17, 2009). Keep in mind a few punctuation rules as well: Always put the citation at the end of the material used.If you are using a direct quote, put the citation on the outside of the closing quotation mark.End punctuation (period, exclamation point) for the text follows the parenthetical citation.If you are using a block quotation, place the citation after the final punctuation mark of the paragraph.Always include a page reference for the material being cited.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Who does the task People or machines. What is the right mix Essay

Who does the task People or machines. What is the right mix - Essay Example A task is the name or identification of a simple work or a complex project that can have sub-tasks or strings of works attached to it (Anderson 1999). Going by this it is a representation of a structure of activities. Such activities, in an industrial or a production context could mean involvement of both men and machines for its execution or implementation. The task in the earlier days was entirely conducted by men and was thus people oriented and they used a few tools in order to organize the task or ease its progress. These tools could be said to be simple form of machines and were invented or improvised by people to facilitate the conduct of their work for carrying out the task to their satisfaction. With advance in civilization and knowledge people invented machines first to simplify their tasks and later to provide assistance in their task. In modern times there a many tasks that are carried out with the use of machines only requiring no human intervention which make the task almost entirely machine oriented. It can be seen that tasks have become more complex with the advent of time but the two ends of the spectrum have remained people and machines. Apparently one cannot do without the other and this raises the questions of importance, relevance, priorities and hierarchy that are manifest in the topic â€Å"Who does the task? People or machines†. Before the Industrial Revolution work was generally people oriented. The worker was the one who planned work and executed it, using and manipulating various tools of his trade to assist him in increasing productivity, improving quality and reducing costs. With introduction of mechanization in the late 18th century the concept of division of labor became an important feature that took away the characteristic of ownership of the work from a person to several persons. This was generally the time when Adam Smith in his book Wealth of Nations (1776) stated that labor [meaning